The history of Vienna has been long and varied, beginning when the Roman Empire created a military camp in the area covered by Vienna’s city center. In 1440, Vienna became the resident city of the Habsburg dynasty. It eventually grew to become the de facto capital of the Holy Roman Empire (1483-1806) and a cultural centre for arts and science, music and fine cuisine. Apart from being regarded as the City of Music because of its musical legacy, Vienna is also said to be “The City of Dreams” because it was home to the world’s first psycho-analyst, Sigmund Freud. The historic center of Vienna is rich in architectural ensembles, including Baroque castles and gardens, as well as the late-19th-century Ringstrasse lined with grand buildings, monuments and parks.